Sexually Transmitted Diseases-Types,Symptoms,Treatment.
Sexually transmitted diseases are those diseases that are spread by sexual intercourse and they have the same early symptoms. For instance Gonorrhea and Chlamydia are often gotten by a person at the same time.
GONORRHEA AND CHLAMYDIA SYMPTOMS
IN THE MEN
- Pain or difficulty with urination.
- Drops of pus from the penis.
- Sometimes there is painful swelling of the testicles.
After weeks or months
- Painful swelling in one or both knees, ankles or wrists or many other problems.
- Rash or sores all over the body.
- He may become sterile (cannot make a woman pregnant).
- At first, there are often no symptoms (she may feel a little pain when urinating or have a slight vaginal discharge).
- If a pregnant woman with gonorrhea is not treated before giving birth, the infection may get in the baby’s eyes and make him or her blind.
After weeks or months
- Pain in the lower belly (pelvic inflammatory disease).
- Menstrual problems.
- She may become sterile.
- Urination problem.
In a man, the first sign begin 2 to 5 days (or up to 3 weeks or more) after sexual contact with an infected person. Signs may not show up for weeks or months. But a person who does not show any signs can give the disease to someone else, starting a few days after becoming infected.
- In the past, gonorrhea was usually treated with penicillin. But now in many areas, the disease has become resistant to penicillin, so other antibiotics must be used. It is best to seek for local advice about which medicines are effective, available and affordable in your area. You can find the medicines that can be used to treat gonorrhea and chlamydia here. If the drip and pain have not gone away in 2 or 3 days after trying a treatment, the gonorrhea could be resistant to the medicine or the person could have chlamydia.
- If a woman has gonorrhea or chlamydia and also has fever and pain in the lower belly, she may have pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Everyone who has had sex with a person known to have gonorrhea or chlamydia should also be treated, especially wives of men who are infected. Even if the wife shows no signs, she is probably infected. If she is not treated at the same time, she will give the disease back to her husband again.
- Protect the eyes of all newborn babies from chlamydia and especially gonorrhea which can cause blindness.
CAUTION : A person with gonorrhea or chlamydia may also have syphilis without knowing it. Sometimes, it is best to go ahead and give the full treatment for syphilis because the gonorrhea or chlamydia treatment may prevent the first syphilis symptoms but may not cure the disease.
Syphilis is a common and dangerous disease that is spread from person to person through sexual contact.
- The first sign or symptom is usually a sore called a chancre. It appears 2 to 5 weeks after sexual contact with a person who has syphilis. The chancre may look like a pimple, a blister or an open sore. It usually appears in the genitals area of the man or woman (or less commonly on the lips, fingers, anus or mouth). This sore is full of germs which are easily passed on to another person. The sore is usually painless and if it is inside the vagina, a woman may not know she has it and she can easily infect other persons.
- The sore only lasts a few days and then goes away by itself without treatment. But the disease continues spreading through the body.
- Weeks or months later, there may be sore throat, mild fever, mouth sores or swollen joints; or you can have a painful rash or pimples all over the body, ring-shaped welts (like hives), an itchy rash on the hands or feet.
All of these signs usually go away by themselves and then the person often thinks he is well, but the disease continues. Without adequate treatment, syphilis can invade any part of the body, causing heart disease, paralysis, insanity and many other problems.
CAUTION : If any strange rash or skin condition shows up days or weeks after a pimple or sore appears on the genitals, it may be syphilis. Make sure you get immediate medical advice or help.
TREATMENT FOR SYPHILIS (for complete cure).
- If signs have been present less than 1 year, inject 2.4 million units of benzathine penicillin all at once. Put half the dose in each buttocks. Persons allergic to penicillin can take tetracycline, 500 mg, 4 times each day for 15 days.
- If the signs have been present for more than 1 year, inject 2.4 million units of benzathine penicillin, half in each buttocks, once a week for 3 weeks, making a total of 7.2 million units. If you are allergic to penicillin, take tetracycline, 500 mg, 4 times each day for 30 days.
- If there is any chance that someone has syphilis, she should immediately see a health worker. Special blood tests may be needed. If tests cannot be made, the person should be treated for syphilis in any case.
- Everyone who has had sexual contact with a person known to have syphilis should also be treated, especially husbands or wives of those known to be infected.
NOTE : Pregnant or breast feeding women who are allergic to penicillin can take erythromycin in the same dosage as tetracycline.