Leishmaniasis-Symptoms And Treatment

0
140
leishmaniasis

Leishmaniasis-Symptoms And Treatment.

Leishmaniasis is a disease found Africa, in dry savanna areas. The infection is carried by a small sandyfly from person to person and from rodents such as rock hyrax living in burrows nearby. The fly infects a person when it bites.

sandfly

 

One form of the disease causes damage inside the body (visceral leishmaniasis, kala-zar). This is difficult to recognize and the treatment is very complicated and expensive. If possible, seek for medical help.

Another form affects mainly the skin (cutaneous leishmaniasis, tropical sore). This is easier to treat.

 

LEISHMANIASIS SYMPTOMS OF THE SKIN

  • 2 to 8 weeks after being bitten, a swelling appears on the site of the original bite.
  • The swelling becomes an open sore, usually with pus.
  • Sores can heal by themselves, but may take several weeks to 2 years.
  • Sores become infected with bacteria very easily.

 

LEISHMANIASIS TREATMENT

  • Clean the sore with cool boiled water.
  • Apply a hot moist cloth to the sore (not so hot that it burns the skin) for 10 to 15 minutes.
  • Do this 2 times a day for 10 days. This ‘heat treatment’ often brings a complete cure. A paper-thin scar remains.
  • If the sore remains looking infected (red and painful), give antibiotics.