Antarctica is one of the seven continents in the world. Antarctica is located in the southern hemisphere and it is known as the fifth largest continent in the world. Antarctica is surrounded by southern ocean. Antarctica is the driest and the coldest continent in the world and virtually everywhere in antarctica is covered by ice(99%).
There is no country found in this continent but it has a total population of about 1,110 people; these people are not indigenes of antarctica continent.The continent covers a total land area of 14,200,000km square.When it comes to the temperature found in antarctica continent,it is very cold which has gone to -88 degree celsius or centigrade. So many Governments have gone there to build their research stations and also the continent has a UN M49 code : 010-antarctica and 001-world.
Antarctica means opposite to the arctic .The continent is divided into two by transantarctic mountains between the Ross Sea and the Weddell Sea; no government owns this continent. In the antarctica,the east Antarctica is colder than the western part because the east has a higher elevation. Weather fronts don’t always penetrate far into the continent, which leaves the middle dry and cold. Even when there are no rainfall over the central portion of the continent, the ice found there lasts for extended periods. There are heavy snowfalls which are common on the coastal portion of the continent, where snow-falls of up to 1.22 metres (48 in) in 48 hours have been recorded. These are the things that makes the antarctica temperature to be very low.
At the edge of the continent, strong katabatic winds off the polar plateau often blow at storm force. In the interior, wind speeds are typically moderate. During clear days in summer, more solar radiation reaches the surface at the South Pole than at the equator because of the 24 hours of sunlight each day at the Pole.
The following below are animals found in antarctica:
Alaskozetes antarcticus, lice, nematodes, tardigrades, rotifers, krill,springtails, penguins, blue whales, orcas, colossal squids,fur seals, emperor penguin breeds during the winter.